Living in Moscow

Living in Moscow could be fabulous, interesting and unforgettable: a city of contrasts and fascinating history offers its habitants and guests a variety of adventures – business, economic, cultural, etc.Moscow is the capital of the largest European country and is situated in the heart ofwhat is known as European Russia. Consequently,this capital city, being the epicenterof life for people of different nations and partsof the world, takes the best from “West” and“East”. Twenty years ago, Russia opened wideits doors to business and tourism from all overthe world and Moscow became one of themost influential and fantastic cities on Earth.In that chapter, you will discover Moscowstep by step: its history, its particularities, its streets, parks and buildings, its infrastructureand night life, etc. Have a good trip!

Moscow was named after the Moscow river(in Russian the name of the city is pronouncedas “Moskva”). The origin of the name itself is unknown, although several theories exist. Oneof the theories suggests that the name originates from the ancient Finnic language, in which it means “dark” and “turbid”. Another theory tells that the name comes from the ancient Slav language and means “wet”. Either way, the
etymology of the word is related to water. Historical information
The first Russian reference to Moscow dates back to 1147 when Yury Dolgorukiy called upon the prince of the Novgorod-Severskiy: “come to me, brother, to Moscow.” Nine years later, in 1156, Prince Yury Dolgorukiy of Rostov ordered
the construction of a wooden wall, which was to be rebuilt multiple times, to surround
the emerging city. The city replaced Tver and became the capital of Vladimir-Suzdal during the reign f Ivan I. In 1480 Ivan III won a great victory against Tatars and made Moscow the capital of the new Russian empire that soon included all of Russia and Siberia.

Territory
The territory of the city is about 1100 sq. km, with the main part (over 800 sq. km) situated inside the Moscow Ring Road.

Climate
Moscow has a humid continental climate. The average temperature of the year is 5.4 degrees Celsius (°C), with an average temperature of -9 °C in January and +18 °C in July.

Population
The population of Moscow slightly exceeds 10 mln. people. This is the official number; but like in every other great capital, the factual number of the population is much bigger. On the average, about 2 mln. people migrate to Moscow every day. and this is in addition to the people already living in it. More than 80% of Moscow’s population are Russians, but you will also find all other nationalities in different proportions.

Time
The time in Moscow is UTC +4.00 (winter time) and UTC +4.00 (summer time) and for many years, rail and air schedules throughout Russia have used Moscow time. Clocks in railroad stations and airports are set to Moscow Time, even where it differs from the local time by as much as 9 hours

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